The Island of Dragonera is part of the Tramuntana range, which stretches along the whole west coast of Mallorca. Just like the Tramuntana range, Dragonera has steep cliffs on its west side, giving the island a dramatic and magnificent outlook. The east side of the island has a kinder profile, offering a great setting for hiking. The silhouette of the mountain range vaguely resembles a dragon, hence its name. The oldest of the island's lighthouses - "Na Popi" - has a height of 360 meters.
Dragonera has a historical significance stemming from its past as a defense point against pirates and its use by smugglers for their illegal activities. In 1974 the islet was bought by a Spanish company in order to build a touristic resort. The original plan included a luxury residential, an hotel, a casino and, to serve all these, a manmade port. These plans were heavily contested by local ecologist movements and a harsh and long legal battle followed. The ecologists managed to get all the plans on hold until the legal controversy was cleared. in 1987, the local Government bought the islet and in 1995 it was granted natural park status, along with the nearby islets of Mitjana and Pantaleu.
Dragonera is truly an ecological treasure. There are lots of endemic plants and animals, such as the "dragons" of Dragonera and various species of birds. The biggest colony of Eleonora’s falcons in Spain is found here. Although it is possibly one of the less known Balearic islands, it is quite famous amongst scuba divers due to its fantastic underwater, marine landscapes and abundance of wildlife.